Located in Southeast Asia, Thailand covers a total area of approximately 513,000 square kilometers (198,000 square miles) and is the 50th largest country in the world and the 12th largest in Asia!
The north of the country borders Myanmar and Laos. The northernmost point is Amphoe Mae Sai, Chiang Rai Province, with tourist attractions like Mae Sai Market, Golden Triangle, Wat Phra That Doi Wao, and Wat Thampla (locally known as Money Temple).
The south of the country is next to Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand. The southernmost point is Amphoe Betong, Yala Province, which contains tourist attractions like La-ong Rung Waterfall (Rainbow Waterfall), Chaloem Phrakiat Waterfall (I-yer Khem Waterfall), Bala-Hala Forest, the sea of fog at Microwave Mountain, and Betong Hot Spring.
The east of the country borders Cambodia and Laos. The easternmost point is Amphoe Si Mueang Mai, Ubon Ratchathani Province, with tourist attractions like Sai Rung Waterfall (Rainbow Waterfall), Kaeng Chu Kan, and Hin Huai Soob Stone Yard.
The west of the country is next to Myanmar and the Andaman Sea. The westernmost point is Amphoe Mae Sariang, Mae Hong Son Province, with tourist attractions like Wat Phra That Chom Thong, Wat Phra That Chom Chaeng, Wat Phra That Chom Kitti, Salawin National Park, Bua Tong Field at Doi Mae Ho, and Mae Sawan Noi Waterfall.
Thailand is divided into six regions: North, Northeast, Central, South, East, and West.
The North is the country’s highlands. Vast mountain ranges dominate the landscape and are the source of many rivers. Doi Inthanon, Thailand’s tallest peak, is famous among tourists during the cool season for the Mae Kha Ning (frost flower) phenomenon as well as a sea of fog, nature trails, waterfalls, and botanical scenes.
The Northeast features some of the beautiful northern highlands but also gorgeous plateaus. Hom Mali Rice (Thai Jasmine Rice) is grown here and exported all over the world. The Mekong River is a very prominent river that runs through the area. Popular places along the Mekong River include Amphoe Chiang Khan of Loei Province, Tha Sadet Market in Nong Khai Province, Indochina Market in Mukdahan Province, and Sam Pan Bok Grand Canyon in Ubon Ratchathani Province.
Central Thailand is mainly plains and is a huge area of rice farming and agriculture. The Chao Phraya River is very important to Thailand’s history. Interesting places to visit are ancient historical temples, Bang Pa-in Royal Palace and Bang Sai Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Center in Ayutthaya Province, and Koh Kret in Nonthaburi Province. And if you like shopping, there are plenty of local markets in Bangkok for you to explore such as Wang Lang Market, Tha Phra Chan Market, Saphan Phut (Memorial Bridge) Night Market, and Asiatique Night Market. There are also Chao Phraya boat tours from Bangkok to Ayutthaya every day.
The South contains many beautiful beaches and islands in the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea. Well-known tourist destinations are Phuket Province, Koh Samui, Koh Phi Phi, Koh Lipe, and Koh Tao.
Eastern Thailand is half mountain, half ocean. Although there aren’t many provinces here, it still has a lot of amazing sights and stunning locations to visit just like the rest of Thailand such as Koh Samed, Koh Chang, Koh Mak, Koh Lan, Koh Si Chang, Bang Saen Beach, Pattaya, Jomtien Beach, Laem Mae Phim Beach, and Mae Ram Phueng Beach.
The West is mountainous with many woodlands, waterfalls, and dams, which is why there are a number of national parks in the area. Due to its geographical variation, there is a lot of incredible Thai nature to see in this western region. Tourist attractions include Thong Pha Phum National Park, Srinakharin Dam, Vajiralongkorn Dam, Sai Yok Noi Waterfall, Sai Yok Yai Waterfall, Erawan Waterfall, Mon Bridge, Mueang Sing Historical Park, Three Pagodas Pass, Wat Wang Wiwekaram, Underwater City, The Bridge of the River Kwai, Kanchanaburi War Cemetery, and World War II Museum and Art Gallery.
Thailand has three seasons: wet, cool, and hot. Depending on where and when you travel Thailand, it is always good to check the weather before visiting as some areas are better in certain seasons.
Phuket Province is located in Southern Thailand. It is the biggest island of Thailand and sits on the Andaman Sea. The nearest province to the north is Phang-nga and the nearest provinces to the east are Phang-nga and Krabi.
Phuket has a large Chinese influence, so you will see many Chinese shrines and Chinese restaurants around the city. A Chinese Vegetarian Festival is held there every year. While the Chinese community is quite big, there are many other ethnicities bringing all their traditions and festivals from all over the world to Phuket.
Being a big island, Phuket is surrounded by many magnificent beaches such as Rawai, Patong, Karon, Kamala, Kata Yai, Kata Noi, and Mai Khao. Laem Phromthep Viewpoint is said to feature the most beautiful sunsets in Thailand.
It isn’t all just beaches though, there is also fantastic classical architecture such as the Goom Restaurant. That and the very welcome atmosphere and the famous Phuket nightlife, you can see why the island is a hotspot for tourists in Thailand.
Visiting Phuket is easy as there are many travel options.
Krabi is famous for its scenic view and breathtaking beaches and islands. Its coral reef vistas are also one of the world’s most beautiful, which makes the city a great spot for coral diving.
Natural attractions of Krabi include Noppharat Thara Beach National Park, Koh Phi Phi, Khao Phanom Bencha National Park, Koh Lanta, Khao Khanap Nam (the Twin Mountains), Railay Beach, Koh Poda, Ao Nang, Koh Ngai, Ao Maya, Tha Pom Khlong Song Nam, Emerald Pool, and Khlong Thom Hot Spring Waterfall.
Krabi also provides you with great shopping venues such as Maharaj Walking Street (Friday-Sunday market from 5.00 – 10.00 pm) and Chao Fah Pier Night Market (daily market from 5.00 pm – 12.30 am).
Chang which is the big mountain in a shape of crouching elephant – the symbol of Phangnga province. Visitors can go exploring beautiful caves such as Ruesi Sawan cave and Luk Suea cave in Somdet Phra Sri Nakarin Park, Khao Chang road. Inside the caves is very cool with clear beck and beautiful stalagmites and stalactites. Pung Chang cave is also one of relaxing place with beautiful stalagmites and stalactites and all-year beck.
Phangnga also owns beautiful islands, including the most famous one – Similan Islands. The word ‘Similan’ derived from Malay language which means ‘nine’, so the islands’ name is the nine islands. The attractive islands are waiting for travellers to experience their charm. North Surin Island and South Surin Island are also famous for their beautiful bays. The most well-known one is Aow Mae Yai which is the big bay with gentle sea.
You are also invited to participate the turtle release fair. The 7-day event is annually held in March with its highlighted activity – releasing young turtle hatchlings.
Rubber tree leaves artificial flowers are the famous products made by groups of farm women. You can buy dried seafood and shrimp paste from local stores and markets around the city.
Phangnga is one of the southern provinces in Thailand with its geographic features of mountains and forests 788 km. from Bangkok. Its landmark is Khao Koh Samui is an Amphoe in Surat Thani Province. It is located in the northeast of the city, 35 kilometers away from Don Sak Pier and 84 kilometers away from Surat Thani City, and is the third biggest island in Thailand.
Samui is one of the most popular places to visit in Thailand because it has wonderful nature, white beaches, clear seas, waterfalls, spectacular viewpoints, beautiful temples, and many activities for tourists to enjoy. The island has an airport and a vast array of accommodation options, which makes it a great place for travelling.
Samui is now the main travel hotspot of the southern areas of Thailand’s Gulf. There are so many beautiful beaches here like Chaweng, Lamai, Taling Ngam, and Natien. Besides plentiful nature, the island is also full of history and culture.
Hua Hin is an Amphoe in Prachuap Kiri Khan Province. Sitting on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand, it is 90 kilometers away from Prachuap Kiri Khan City and borders Amphoe Cha-am of Petchaburi Province.
Hua Hin is one of the top tourist destinations of Thailand from its great amount of attractions and activities - plus it isn’t far from Bangkok. The city has many incredible beaches, mountains, viewpoints, temples, night markets, water parks, and fine diners for you to choose from and enjoy at any time of the year.
Pala-U Waterfall, which is located in Kaeng Krachan National Park, is also a great butterfly watching spot.
Pattaya is a popular place for both Thais and foreigners because the city has everything tourists need. Traveling there is easy as you can take your own car or ride a bus, a van, or a cab from Bangkok. There is also a ferry service from Hua Hin to Pattaya, which takes about an hour.
Interesting places to go
Khao Chee Chan Buddha Mountain opens 6.00 am – 6.00 pm. Dress modestly and please follow exactly as the rules state. Plus you shouldn’t get too close to the Buddha because it may cause an accident.
If you want to visit Koh Lan, you can do it in a one day trip. On the island, there are mini buses and motorbike taxis in services. But if you are feeling adventurous, you can rent a motorbike to ride for yourself.
There are so many different kinds of places for you to stay in Pattaya such as big hotels, resorts, guest houses, condominiums, and apartments. Most of these places are right next to the beach.
There are many things you can do in Pattaya such as water sports, sunbathing, go-karting, bungee jumping, horse riding, golf playing, diving, cabaret show watching, and many more.
During the night time, all the way down Pattaya road is full of various entertainment options. Here you can always find something to eat, drink, and just somewhere to chill out.
Bangkok is always among the world’s top tourist destinations. The city is a true tourist paradise, proved by the growing number of travelers coming each year.
Besides the city itself, Bangkok is also surrounded by many interesting provinces worth visiting.
The north of Bangkok borders Nonthaburi and Pathum Thani Provinces, with tourist attractions like Koh Kret and Lotus Museum.
The east of the city is next to Chachoengsao, a small province which is full of interesting places and activities. Tourists can pay homage to Luang Pho Sothon Buddha Image at Wat Sothon Wararam Worawihan, watch flying foxes or fruit bats at Wat Pho, see the golden church at Wat Paknam Jolo, and pray to the giant reclining Ganesh statue at Wat Saman Rattanaram. There are also old markets for you to visit and shop such as Ban Mai Market, Nakhon Nuang Khet Market, and Khlong Suan Market.
The south of the city borders Samut Prakan Province and the Gulf of Thailand, with tourist attractions like Bang Pu, Ancient City, and Samut Prakan Crocodile Farm and Zoo.
The west of the city is next to Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom Provinces. Tourist attractions include Don Kai Dee Benjarong Village, Phra Pathom Chedi, Sanam Chandra Palace, Don Wai Floating Market, Sampran Riverside, and Thai Human Imagery Museum.
Things to do in Bangkok
There are a great variety of tourist places in Bangkok, mostly historical attractions and temples with elaborate architecture and art. Famous temples are Wat Phra Kaew, Wat Pho, Wat Arun, Wat Phu Khao Thong, Wat Ratchanadda, Wat Traimit, Wat Benchamabophit, Wat Bowon, and Wat Sutat.
There are also palaces, museums, parks, and a big array of shopping places, from luxury malls to flea and street markets like Chatuchak Weekend Market, Sampeng Market, and Pahurat Textile Market.
Bangkok nightlife is another highlight that has attracted many of tourists from all over the world.
The charm of ancient city of Ayutthaya Thailand continues to gain tourists’ attention as a historic attraction. Not only the old moments but also the new things that shine.
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya has 16 districts which are Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Nakhon Luang, Phachi, Ban Phraek, Bang Sai (บางซ้าย), Bang Sai (บางไทร), Lat Bua Luang, Bang Ban, Mana Rat, Bang Pahan, Sena, Uthai, Bang Pa-in, Phak Hai, Tha Ruea, and Wang Noi. The province is only 76 kilometers away from Bangkok. This makes it easy to take a one-day trip for those who have limited time for a visit.
When it comes to historical buildings, Ayutthaya travel is well known for temples and palaces. But in addition to that, a variety of food is also another magnet. You can find fresh river prawns, fish, noodle, and even the never-miss dessert like cotton candy wrap. So remember to plan your eating trip whenever you visit Ayutthaya.
Kanchanaburi is the third biggest province in Thailand. The area is mostly mountains and hilly terrains. Important rivers are the Kwai Yai and the Kwai Noi which merge at the Mae Klong River.
The province is comprised of 13 Amphoes, which are Mueang Kanchanaburi, Bo Ploy, Lao Kwan, Phanom Tuan, Sai Yok, Sangkhla Buri, Sri Sawad, Tha Maga, Tha Muang, Thong Pha Phum, Dan Makham Tier, Nong Prue, and Huai Kra Jao.
During World War II, the Japanese had a railway built from Choom Thang Nong in Thailand to Than Be Au Sa Yai in Myanmar. The story of this railway can be experienced through many museums in Kanchanaburi.
Recommended places to visit in Kanchanaburi are Srinakharin Dam, Vajiralongkorn Dam, Sai Yok Noi Waterfall, Sai Yok Yai Waterfall, Erawan Waterfall, Mon Bridge, Mueang Sing Historical Park, Three Pagodas Pass, Wat Wang Wiwekaram, Underwater City, The Bridge of the River Kwai, Kanchanaburi War Cemetery, and World War II Museum and Art Gallery.
Ubon Ratchathani is a large province in the Northeast of Thailand, dating back to more than 200 years old. Ubon Ratchathani has many interesting and beautiful places to visit such as Pha Taem National Park, which is famous for its prehistoric rock paintings, Sam Pan Boak or the Grand Canyon of Thailand, Huai Sai Yai Waterfall, one of the most beautiful waterfalls of Northeastern Thailand, Kaeng Saphuee Public Park, Wat Tham Khuha Sawan, and Wat Phrathat Nong Bua.
For those who are enthusiastic about local festivals, the Candle Festival on Khao Phansa Day is the most important event of the province, in which huge and elaborately carved candles are paraded throughout the city.
Popular souvenirs from Ubon Ratchathani include hand-woven cotton cloth, loincloth, silk cloth, folk pattern pillows, and brass wares. For food lovers, white pork sausage, Thai sweet sausage, and northeastern-style fermented sausage are the must try.
Many biggest provinces in Thailand by size are in the north-eastern part of Thailand and Udon Thani is one of them. The province is like a logistic and tourism hub of the region and is important history-wise regarding the famous Ban Chiang source of prehistory civilization, one of the oldest civilization in the world.
Udon Thani is also famous for its natural tourist attractions and local products like Pha Khid or patterned silk weaving. Local communities are also very charming with simple way of living. Accommodations are also easy to in the city so you can be sure there is minimal fuzz in your visit plan to Udon Thani Thailand.
Udon Thani has 18 districts and 2 sub districts; Mueang Udon Thani,
Nong Wua So, Nong Han, Ban Phue, Ban Dung, Kumphawapi, Non Sa-at, Phan, Nam Som, Kut Chap, So That, Wnag Sam Mor, Thung Fon, Sang Khom, Chai Wan, Nong Sang, Na Yung, Phibun Rak, Kukaew sub district, and Prachaksinlapakhom sub district.
Sukhothai province was once the kingdom and the first capital of Thailand 700 years ago. The word ‘Sukhothai’ means ‘the dawn of happiness’. As the first capital of Thailand, it is one of the important and well-known cities among tourist for its long history.
Most of attractions in Sukhothai relate to historical backgrounds such as Phra Mae Ya Shrine situated in front of the City Hall, by Yom River. The shrine houses the stone figure of Phra Mae Ya, and it is believed to house the spirit of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great whom is beloved by Sukhothai and Thai people. Noen Prasat Phra Ruang or Sukhothai Palace boundary is the ruin of ancient brick building with lotus based figures. It is believed that the area was once the pavilion of the kings in Phra Ruang dynasty of ancient Sukhothai. This area interests tourists in its mystical and wonderful construction.
For those who are interested in nature, the Khao Naria peak in Ramkhamhaeng National Park is a must. The peak is 1,160 meters high above sea level with the cliff that visitors can see breathtaking view of Sukhothai city and the nearby city – Pitsanulok. At night, the beautiful lights from the city can be seen from the cliff. The national park also has herb garden on the foothill for travellers to get relaxed.
There are a lot of festivals in Sukhothai. Pho Kkung Ramkhamhaeng’s Day Festival takes place around the Monument of Pho Khung Ramkhamhaeng the Great for commemorating his good reputation. People will make merit and give food to monks, have play fireworks, have merry performances all day and night. Every full moon night of the 12th lunar month, there is Loi Krathong and Candle Festival held in Sukhothai Historical Park. There are joyful activities such as floating krathongs, traditional performances, lighting of lanterns and parades which fascinate both Thai and foreign visitors.
Visitors cannot miss tasting a famous snack called Kanom Kliao made from wheat flour and eggs, seasoned with pepper, salt, and made it into a twist-shaped dough, fried and mingled with sugar. Sri Samrong’s fried beans or 200-year fried beans is a famous snack with secret ancient recipe.
Mae Hong Son province has another name as ‘the city of three mists’ because it is surrounded by high mountains with cold temperature and covered with mist all 3 seasons. The city is rich of the beauty of natural resources – mountains, forests, flowers leading the city to one of the must-see cities in Thailand.
Before visiting or staying in Pang Ung, you have to get the permission from the Folk Arts and Craft Center in the city.
Visiting Pai during long holidays especially in winter, it is recommended to get advanced hotel booking.
Those who have a carsick should take medicine with you.
Chiang Rai Province is located in the northernmost of Thailand. It is a mountainous region with rivers and jungles, so there is a lot of beautiful nature surrounding the area. The north of Chiang Rai borders Myanmar, the south borders Phayao Province, the east borders Laos, and the west borders Chiang Mai Province.
Chiang Rai population consists of people of various ethnic backgrounds, including those from hill tribes and Chinese lineage. This factors into Chiang Tai’s unique traditions and makes the city an excellent and different location for tourists to experience.
- The cool season is the perfect time to visit Chiang Rai because the weather will be incredible and you will get a chance to enjoy beautiful views from the mountain tops.
- For the New Year Festival, the hill tribes will perform their cultural shows around the end of December. However, since it is a busy period, you should always book accommodations well in advance.
- Don’t forget to go shopping at Mae Sai Market. And if you want to visit Tha Khee Lek Market in Myanmar, you should organize your visa ahead to save time.
- If you want to go cruising along the Kok River, you should wear a long-sleeve shirt, a pair of shorts, sandals, and always bring a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, snacks, and water. And for your own safety, don’t forget to wear a life jacket while aboard the boat.
Chiang Mai Province is in Northern Thailand. The Chiang Mai weather is always cooler than the rest of the country, with a mean temperature of 25°C throughout the year. The city has plethora of things to see and things to do. The beauty of the mountains, hill tribe villages, and botanical gardens attracts millions of tourists to Chiang Mai every year. You can also enjoy a zoo and aquarium, a nocturnal zoo, and classic Northern Thai temples and architecture which are a fusion of Lanna, Mon, and Burmese styles.
The north of Chiang Mai borders the Shan state of Myanmar. Cross-border trade is allowed at Kew Pha Wok checkpoint in Amphoe Chiang Dao and Ban Lak Taeng checkpoint in Amphoe Wiang Haeng, so both are tourist sites and places for cultural exchanges between two nations.
The south is next to Amphoe Sam Ngao, Amphoe Mae Ramad, and Amphoe Tha Song Yang of Tak Province, with tourist attractions like Bhumibol Dam, Sam Ngao Cliff, Mae Kasa Waterfall, and Thee Mo Bo Waterfall.
The east is next to Amphoe Mae Fah Luang, Amphoe Mueang Chiang Rai, Amphoe Mae Suai, and Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao of Chiang Rai Province, Amphoe Mueang Pan and Amphoe Mueang Lampang of Lampang Province, and Amphoe Ban Thi, Amphoe Mueang Lamphun, Amphoe Pa Sang, Amphoe Wiang Nong Long, Amphoe Ban Hong, and Amphoe Li of Lamphun Province.
The west is next to Amphoe Pai, Amphoe Mueang Mae Hong Son, Amphoe Khun Yuam, Amphoe Mae La Noi, Amphoe Mae Sariang, and Amphoe Sob Moei of Mae Hong Son Province. Most popular places are Amphoe Pai, Pang Oung, and Doi Mae U-kho.
Chiang Mai has a long history. It was once the capital of the Lanna Kingdom. Nowadays it is a very modern city, similar to Bangkok.